Zheng Xiongwei, a renowned international economist and global executive chairman of the Asia Pacific CEO Association announced the "World Emerging Industry Development Report" at WEIS 2019

Dear Mayor Mr. Wang Xinwei,

Dear Lord Francis Maude,

Dear guests, ladies and gentlemen,

On behalf of the WEIS, I am releasing the "World Emerging Industries Development Report". The contents of the report are as follows:

First, in recent years, the strategic support of governments in emerging industries has become more determined and strong with more scientific research investment, deeper, wider and more integrated emerging industries development. The development of emerging industries in various countries has complements each other in a win-win situation.

In 2018, R&D investment in the United States has reached 496 billion US dollars, accounting for 26% of the global total. During the year, the United States launched the "National Space Strategy", "National Network Strategy", "National Quantum Law", and established industrial management and promotion agencies such as the Artificial Intelligence Committee and the National Security Committee for Artificial Intelligence. Over the past year, the core technologies and market applications in artificial intelligence, new materials, quantum technology and new energy in the United States have made outstanding achievements.

Canada is the first country in the world to release a national strategy for artificial intelligence. According to the 2017 Pan-Canada Artificial Intelligence Strategy, the government will allocate 125 million Canadian dollars to increase artificial intelligence researchers, graduates, and support national research groups, establishing Canada's position as an international leader in artificial intelligence research and training.

The UK released the "White Paper on Industrial Strategy", established the Artificial Intelligence Development Committee and the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund, and developed a 900 million pounds artificial intelligence industry support program, which will train 8,000 computer science teachers and 5,000 students majoring digital technology. 450 new doctoral programs and 2,000 overseas talents will be introduced each year to promote the UK to become a global leader in artificial intelligence. The UK will also invest international technology companies such as Google and Amazon, supports such technologies as quantum science, advanced receivers and low-cost integrated chip.

Germany released "High-tech Strategy 2025", speeding up the layout in intelligent manufacturing, the research and application of quantum communication. Emerging industries structure has move to high-end. High-tech, high value-added, high-output industries and enterprises are emerging.

France is already at the global forefront in aviation, high-speed railway, etc. In March 2018, France released the “Artificial Intelligence Development Strategy”, which plans to use 1.85 billion US dollars to develop artificial intelligence industry, encourage new colleges to establish artificial intelligence, cultivate talents, establish interdisciplinary research centers, and strengthen Financial support for the smart industry.

In June 2018, Japan proposed the "Comprehensive Innovation Strategy", promoting development in key areas such as artificial intelligence, intelligent robots, agriculture, new energy, energy conservation and environmental protection, intelligent urban management, and new generation automobiles and health care by encouraging enterprises to be the mainstay and combining government funding, industrial research and output. Japan planned to promote digital agricultural technology nationwide by 2025, and apply Japan's quasi-zenith satellite system (QZSS) to smart agriculture and export it to the Asia Pacific region. Targets were set to reduce the cost and application scale of hydrogen energy. Toyota, Panasonic, Mitsubishi and many other big companies are entering the relevant industries. A 100 billion vision fund of Japan's Softbank Group will be invested in technology companies.

South Korea released the fourth five-year science and technology plan, the "2019 Government Investment Innovation Program", "Innovative Growth Engine" program, and "Artificial Intelligence R&D Strategy". Based on the advantages in computer, LCD panel and new generation screen display, such areas as smart city, artificial intelligence, 3D printing were chosen. It is planned to invest 2 billion US dollars for artificial intelligence applications, train 5,000 artificial intelligence students, and set up six artificial intelligence graduate schools with 1370 AI professionals and develop 350 senior researchers. It is also proposed to prepare for the fourth industrial revolution through the development of innovation engines, and to list advanced materials as an innovation growth engine. It is planned to become the world's fourth largest exporter of advanced materials.

At the same time, emerging economies have also joined the process of strategic emerging industry cooperation and development.

India set up a special artificial intelligence team, released the "National Intelligence National Strategy", plans to invest 477 million US dollars for artificial intelligence, machine learning and other technologies, seeking artificial intelligence strategies in developing countries, pointing out the importance of government's overall strategy in AI development. Five key areas of AI application were identified, including health, agriculture, education, smart cities and infrastructure, and transportation. At present, India has a good momentum in the development of information software and pharmaceutical industries. At the same time, India's new energy industry has sprung up. By the end of 2018, India's rooftop solar installed capacity will be 3,855 megawatts, and in 2022 it will reach 40,000 megawatts. The Indian central government will also provide about $1.656 billion in subsidies to support the plan.

The South African government released the White Paper on Science, Technology and Innovation, emphasizing the need to accelerate the breakthrough process in the fields of biotechnology, nanotechnology and advanced manufacturing.

Brazil replaces petroleum with ethanol fuel, becoming one of the most successful countries in the alternative energy, keep providing subsidies for emerging industries such as new energy and electric vehicles.

Second, the development of emerging industries has shifted the dynamic of key areas with more advantageous and leading industries. The innovation, development speed and quality of emerging industries in various countries have changed the global economic architecture.

Information technology has become the leading industry in the economies of all countries and will enter the stage of continuous innovation and deeper application. The new generation of information technology, represented by artificial intelligence, mobile communication, industrial Internet, quantum information, blockchain technology, etc., is reconstructing the global industrial chain model, enterprise forms and value chain division of labor.

The evolution of modern biotechnology, from academic research to practical applications, especially in cytology and medicine, is accelerating production in scale. It is estimated that by 2020, the global biotechnology industry will exceed 600 billion US dollars; by 2030, the contribution of biotechnology to chemical and other industrial products will reach 35%, and the contribution to pharmaceuticals and diagnostic products will reach 80%. The contribution to agriculture will reach 50%. 

In the past 2 decades, new energy has developed rapidly, wind power installed capacity has increased by 60 times, and photovoltaic installed capacity 1300 times. Solar power and onshore wind power costs are expected to fall further by 66% and 47% by 2040respectively, and renewable energy will achieve lower operating costs than most fossil energy plants by 2030. Therefore, wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation will become the main components of future power system.

The volume of global environmental protection industry has grown from $879 billion in 2012 to $1.33 billion in 2018. It is projected to reach 2 trillion US dollars in 2020.

New energy automobile industry is the direction for the future. The global sales of new energy vehicles has increased from 110,000 in 2012 to 2 million in 2018, and this figure is one million in the first 11 months in 2018 for China, and is expected to reach 2 million by 2020.

The scale of the global new materials industry has reached nearly $2.5 trillion in 2018. The demand for new materials will be more vigorous, the products, technologies and models of new materials will be continuously updated and iterative, the market will be broader, and the industry will continue to grow rapidly.

Third, in the face of the common destiny of mankind, in order to improve people's living standards and quality of life, countries around the world are accelerating international cooperation in emerging industries.

For example, with the cooperation of France and Germany as the core, the EU has jointly developed AI development rules and industry standards. In July 2018, the United Kingdom and France signed a five-year agreement to strengthen cooperation in high-end scientific research centers in the digital industry such as artificial intelligence. In January 2019, the United Kingdom decided to strengthen deep cooperation with Japan in the fields of robotics and data. In March 2018, scientists from the United States, Germany, Russia, Israel, and France successfully conducted their first experiments in Dubna, Russia, using the "heavy-ion superconducting synchrotron". The British and Israeli scientists have collaborated to discover new atomic heating mechanisms to promote the development of graphene materials.

Fourth, the Chinese government is guiding or encouraging deepened R&D applications such as big data and artificial intelligence, cultivating a new generation of information technology, high-end equipment, biomedicine, new energy vehicles, new materials and other emerging industrial clusters, and accelerating the development of autonomous driving, hydrogen energy, etc., strengthen digital economy, platform economy and the sharing economy.

In order to promote and encourage the development of emerging industries more comprehensively, the Chinese government re-categorized the emerging industries in 2018 as 9 areas: new generation information technology, high-end equipment manufacturing, new materials , bio-industry, new energy auto, new energy, energy conservation and environmental protection, digital creation and related service.

In 2018, China's investment in high-tech manufacturing increased by 16.1% year-on-year, much higher than the average growth rate of 9.5% of manufacturing investment, and the growth rate of 5.1% of all investment.

In the past year, China’s National Development and Reform Commission signed an agreement with China Development Bank, China Export and Import Bank and China Construction Bank to establish a fund of 2.6 trillion yuan to support the development of strategic emerging industries. 

Other Chinese government departments and local governments will increase investment in strategic emerging industries and pay more attention to results. The investment of market-oriented institutions will become more prominent, and the quantity and quality of China's emerging industries will be improved. It is welcoming a bright future. The major historical opportunities for international industrial cooperation, capital cooperation and technical cooperation in emerging industries should not be missed.

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